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Saturday, July 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of Cooling of bituminous layers and time available for their compaction. found in the catalog.

Cooling of bituminous layers and time available for their compaction.

M. E. Daines

Cooling of bituminous layers and time available for their compaction.

by M. E. Daines

  • 149 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by Transport and Road Research Laboratory, Highways and Structures Dept., Pavement Materials and Construction Division in Crowthorne, Berks .
Written in English


Edition Notes

SeriesResearch report / Transport and Road Research Laboratory -- 4, Research report (Transport and Road Research Laboratory) -- 4.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13957717M

  For thin layers, the cold existing surface can compromise bonding, leading to subsequent delamination and its cooling effect limiting the time available for compaction to be effected. The specified requirements in the SHW and BS can be considered. The temperature at which an asphalt mix is produced affects both the ease of compaction and the time available for compaction. The time available for compaction increases with mix temperature, but there are limits as to how high the production temperature can be in order to avoid damaging the asphalt .

  This study shows that for common asphalt pavement repairs of thicknesses up to mm, taking the temperature at either 2/3 or 3/4 depth as the guide, a repaired asphalt layer, when opened to air traffic, would have its internal maximum temperature kept within 2°C of the preset maximum allowable : L. He, L. Chu, T. F. Fwa, T. F. Fwa.   Why Tracking Temperatures is Key to Successful Asphalt Paving Air, base and asphalt mat temperatures can be the key to successful compaction and .

  As the cooling process continued, the cooling rate became stable and reached a thermal equilibrium condition. An increase in lift thickness was shown to increase the compaction time. However, an increase in layer thickness more than 10 cm might not increase the time available for compaction significantly. A regression model was developed to. density, and the time required for hot-mix asphalt to reach the proper compaction temperature to achieve this density decreases with an increased rate of cooling. Hot-mix asphalt compaction is generally begun as soon as the mix can support the roller weight. The roller operator determines the best time to begin compaction by means such as.


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Cooling of bituminous layers and time available for their compaction by M. E. Daines Download PDF EPUB FB2

The cooling time is the time taken for the mid-layer temperature to cool from the initial laying temperature to a stated lower temperature. The compaction time is the time taken to cool from the initial laying temperature, or a lower specified temperature to the specified minimum compaction.

Get this from a library. Cooling of bituminous layers and time available for their compaction. [M E Daines; Transport and Road Research Laboratory.]. cooling of bituminous layers and time available for their compaction A computer model has shown that the cooling time of a hot bituminous layer is very dependent upon the laid thickness, being proportional to the thickness to the power A computer model has shown that the cooling time of a hot bituminous layer is very dependent upon the laid thickness, being proportional to the thickness to the power The cooling time is also strongly dependent upon the initial laying and specified minimum compaction temperatures and on the ambient windspeed and temperature.

A computer model has shown that the cooling time of a hot bituminous layer is very dependent upon the laid thickness, being proportional to the thickness to the power The cooling time is also strongly dependent upon the initial laying and specified minimum compaction temperatures and on the ambient windspeed and temperature.

Topics: 13B - Civil engineering, 13C - Construction equipment, building materials, Cooling of bituminous layers and time available for their compaction [ Bitumen as paving material].

Daines, M. Cooling of Bituminous Layers and Time Avail­ able for Their Compaction. Research Report 4. Transport and Road Research Laboratory,11 pp. Decker, D. Handling RAP in an HMA Facility. Roads and Bridges, Vol. 37, Marchpp. 52– Dellert, R. Vibratory Compaction of Thin Lift Asphalt Resurfacing.

Abstract The Time Available for Asphalt Compaction (TAC) and the Traffic Opening Time (TOT) are highly affected by the mix temperature. These two time intervals are considered as major elements in compaction process. TOT is the time from laying asphalt to Cited by: 2. Abstract: The quality of compaction is important to Hot Mixed Asphalt (HMA) pavement.

Most premature failures of asphalt pavement are concerned with poor compaction. Characteristics of cooling curve of asphalt mixture were studied in this paper. Through on site measurement, it was found that air temperature, solar radiation, wind velocity and layer thickness had great influence on cooling by: 2.

The Cat Paving Products Guide to Asphalt Paving is intended to be a practical reference guide for the process of paving. This guide deals with asphalt production only to the extent that production of asphalt affects the quality of the material being laid down on a project.

Likewise, the design of the various types of bituminous material will be. In laying and constructing asphalt layers, the cooling rate of the layer through its depth and the required time for compaction are determined based on the viscosity of binder in the mix, the mix.

At one time it was thought that a prime coat was an essential element of good pavement construction. However, in recent years some engineers have eliminated the use of a prime, especially when asphalt layer(s) (surface and/or base) is 4 inches or more in thickness.

Bituminous mixtures must not be laid if standing water, ice or snow is present on the surface to be covered. Cold weather will reduce the amount of time available for proper compaction, but layer thickness and wind speed are also important.

Thick layers loose heat more slowly than thin layers. Layers less that 40 mm thick require particular Size: 80KB. Hot mix asphalt concrete is composed of asphalt, mineral aggregate and air. Compaction is the process by which the asphalt and aggregate are compressed into a reduced volume.

For HMAC this process is achieved by rolling the upper surface of each layer of the asphalt. The word "curing" appears more appropriate for cold asphalt mixtures (CAM) whereas for hot-mix asphalt (HMA) "cooling" and, afterwards, "aging" is what you should focus on.

the thickness of the layer increases, the time available for compaction also increases. It takes considerably longer for a 3-in. thick layer of HMA to cool to the cutoff temperature of F than for a 1-in. layer to cool to the same temperature. The cooling time is not directly proportional to the lift thickness but is geometrically proportional.

The bituminous mix design aims to determine the proportion of bitumen, filler, fine aggregates, and coarse aggregates to produce a mix which is workable, strong, durable and economical.

The requirements of the mix design and the two major stages of the mix design, i.e dry mix design and wet mix design will be discussed. to make check tests of the asphalt received on the Project site, and if the asphalt is not in accordance with the certified analysis, he may reject the material.

The asphalt required by these Specifications shall conform to the requirements of The Asphalt Institute for the type and grade shown below: Asphalt for Seal Coating CRS-2 or CRS-2PFile Size: KB. asphalt compaction provided in Pavement Work Tip No Knowledge of the likely time available before asphalt will cool below the temperature for effective compaction can assist in determining the type and number of rollers required, temperature for ordering of asphalt delivery and monitoring of compaction procedures.

COMPACTION OF ASPHALT CONCRETE PAVEMENTS By Jon A. Epps Engineering Research Associate Bob M. Gallaway Research Engineer William J. Harper Formerly Assistant Research Engineer William W.

Scott, Jr. Research Assistant and Jeff W. Seay Supervising Field Engineer Research Report F Research Study Number Sponsored By. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF.

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text.All compaction must be accomplished within this “time available for compaction”. The major factors affecting time available for compaction are (Roberts et al., [3]): Initial mat temperature.

Higher initial mat temperatures require more time to cool down to cessation temperature, thus increasing the time available for compaction.ASPHALT COOLING RATE Cooling of asphalt is a combination of loss of heat into the pavement base and into the atmosphere.

Major factors affecting the time for a layer of asphalt to cool to the minimum temperature at which compaction remains effective include: • Laydown temperature: The hotter the asphalt leaves a paver, the longer it.